Every person has a weight span suitable for their height and body type which is considered normal and healthy. Being obese means weighing 20% or more over your normal body weight.
In cases like this, you can be more subject to a variety of health issues, especially if you have cases of these diseases in the family.
What increases risk of becoming obese?
Obesity can be caused by a number of factors, and improper diet and lack of physical activity are the most common. Some health issues can also cause obesity as a consequence, as well as using certain medications. Smokers who quit smoking often gain weight because they replace cigarettes with food, and there are also some hormonal disorders which can lead to being overweight and obese.
Health conditions caused by obesity
A variety of serious health conditions can be caused by obesity, and some of them are even terminal. The most commonly mentioned conditions are heart problems, high blood pressure and type 2 diabetes, but there is a variety of other diseases which can be developed due to being obese. Some of these diseases can be treated with medical help and weight loss, but the others are untreatable and even terminal.
Heart conditions are among the most common problems which come as a result of obesity. Those who have cases of heart diseases in family and who are also obese significantly increase their risk of developing some heart condition themselves. High blood pressure, coronary heart disease, heart attack and stroke are a common problem of the overweight, and they reduce the quality of life and shorten the life span.
High blood pressure
Normal blood pressure does not go above 120/80, and everything above it is considered to be high. Some kidney and adrenal gland diseases can cause hypertension, but the risk generally increases for people with this disease in the family and people who are obese, because obesity clogs the arteries and makes it harder for the blood to flow freely. About 60% of people with diabetes also suffer from high blood pressure, and type 2 diabetes is directly linked to obesity.
Heart diseases and stroke
High blood pressure and high cholesterol caused by obesity can further lead to serious heart problems such as coronary heart disease or stroke, and losing only 5 to 10 percent of weight has been proven to lower the chance of such conditions.
Other health conditions
There are other health problems which may occur as a result of obesity, such as gallstones, osteoarthritis, breathing problems, sleep apnea and gout. However, the most serious and the most common conditions caused by obesity are type 2 diabetes and several types of cancer.
Type 2 diabetes
A majority of people with type 2 diabetes are obese or overweight. Type 2 diabetes can be prevented by eating healthy and having balanced diet, by regular physical activity and sleeping well. In case you are obese and already suffer from type 2 diabetes, losing weight and engaging in physical activity can significantly help you control levels of blood sugar and also reduce the use of diabetes medications.
Some forms of cancer
Some forms of cancer are also related to obesity. Colon cancer, breast cancer after menopause, endometrium, kidney and esophagus cancer are directly in connection with obesity. Gallbladder, ovaries and pancreas cancer, according to some studies, are also in connection with obesity.